Smoking has been proved by many studies to be strongly linked to all forms of stroke. It has also been discovered that smoking could raise your likelihood of dying by two times if you have stroke.
People who smoke about 20 cigarettes per day are six times more likely to have stroke in comparison to non-smokers.
A recent study conducted by Jackson Heart Study evaluated the effect of smoking on African Americans. The research revealed that African Americans who smoke are nearly 2.5 times more likely to have a stroke than those who never smoked, while former smokers show a similarly lower risk as never smokers.
“This study provides further strong evidence of the link between cigarette smoking and stroke in African Americans,” said Dr David Goff, director of the Division of Cardiovascular Sciences at NHLBI.
“We know that quitting smoking is one way to lower the risk for stroke, which is particularly important for the most vulnerable populations during this pandemic.”
The study enrolled 4,410 black men and women without a history of stroke ― it is considered as the largest study of cardiovascular disease in African Americans.
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Researchers classified the participants, who were 54 on average, into three groups based on their self-reported smoking history: current smokers, past smokers who smoked at least 400 cigarettes in their lifetimes, and never smokers.
“At its start, the study included 781 past smokers, 546 current smokers, and 3,083 never smokers,” National Institutes of Health (NIH) who sponsored the research, noted.
“By 2015, 5.2% of past smokers, 6.6% of those were smoking up to 19 cigarettes a day, and 7.2% of those smokers smoking more than 20 cigarettes a day had experienced a stroke, compared to 3.4% of never smokers.”
“The bottom line is the more a person smokes, the greater their chance is of having a stroke,” said Adebamike A. Oshunbade, M.D., M.P.H., the lead study author and postdoctoral research fellow at the University of Mississippi Medical Center. “It’s important to communicate this risk to vulnerable populations, especially with the growing popularity of new tobacco products.”
The researchers found that African American smokers who smoked 20 or more cigarettes a day had higher CIMT compared to never smokers. Researchers said this suggests that the buildup of plaque in the major blood vessels of the brains of African American smokers could play a role in the development of stroke.
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